According to the Center on Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning, behavior is meaningful and communicates a message. Sometimes when children do not have an appropriate way to communicate a message (e.g., talking, signing, using picture symbols), they often resort to using challenging behavior (e.g., hitting, screaming, spitting) as a way to communicate to others what they want and need. Children engage in challenging behavior because it works for them! It works for them to send a powerful message, which results in the child obtaining something (e.g., attention, toy, food) or avoiding/escaping something or someone (e.g., a demand, attention, stimulation). READ MORE.
When parents register a child at a center, they must receive this Information to Parents document highlighting key information that must be made available, upon request, to parents about the center, including inspection and violation reports and a summary of any complaint made against the center.
As specified in the excerpt below, licensed child care centers must “Provide parents with a copy of the center’s policy on the expulsion of children from enrollment.” and “Post a copy of the center’s written statement of policy on the disciplining of children by staff members in a prominent location within the center, and make a copy of it available to parents upon request.
Licensed Child Care Centers in New Jersey
In New Jersey, child care centers serving six or more children under the age of 13 must be licensed by DCF. A center becomes licensed after meeting all applicable conditions in the Manual of Requirements for Child Care Centers. Centers are licensed for a three-year period. A copy of the centers’ license must be displayed in a prominent location at the center. READ MORE.
Registered Family Child Care Providers in New Jersey
New Jersey regulations limit home-based child care to no more than five day care children and a maximum of three children who live in the home. The maximum number of children a provider can care for in a family child care home is eight. READ MORE.
When choosing a child care provider:
• Ask to review the providers policy on the expulsion of children from enrollment.
• Ask to review the providers policy on the disciplining of children.
• Ask what training the provider and/or their staff have had related to guiding behavior.
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Have additional questions? Our staff can help! Call 973-398-1730 x 186.
Resources That You Can Start Using Now to Prevent Suspension and Expulsion
Suspension is an Adult Behavior – TEDx Talk by Rosemary Allen.
This video serves as a great introduction to suspension and expulsion. It provides insight into the core issues and helps you think about strategies to address the problem.
Preventing Suspensions and Expulsions in Early Childhood Settings
This website is a good starting point. It includes a self-assessment to help you examine your program’s policies, practices, and needs. The results of the self-assessment will help you reflect on your program’s strengths and needs and provide you a roadmap to navigating the interactive guide also found on the site.
Put On Your Own Oxygen Mask First
This website offers resources to support the healthy well-being of families and staff. Adults need to focus on remaining clam during challenging episodes so that they can effectively interact with and support children with challenging behavior.
California Tools to Help You Focus on Prevention
This website provides tools and checklists to help teaching teams be systematic in examining the potential contributors to challenging behavior and in documenting strategies they are using to prevent challenging behavior. The Brault Behavior Checklist and the Focusing on Promotion and Prevention work sheet give you ideas for possible strategies to provide support and insight into behavior.
The Child Care State Capacity Tool
This website lays out a review of the research on expulsion, describes the dimensions of expulsion (reasons for expulsion), provides instruction for how to use the Expulsion Policy Strategy Tool and then provides the tool. Although it is geared for state level action, the information and resources found here are useful for teachers, administrators and school districts and provides a clear vision of the issues and needs related to expulsion.
Articles, Videos & Webinars on Expulsion
Expulsion and suspension are hot topics all over the country. Here are a few recent articles as well as some webinars that are available from national resources. Two short videos, Unconscious Bias and Every Opportunity, show potential outcomes from different environments. Both are definitely worth the time to watch!
Resources to Share with Families
This section contains articles, links, and tools that can either be directly shared with family members or used to help staff think about how to communicate with families about challenging behavior.